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Since its formation, Turkey has distanced itself from the Turkic people of the Soviet Union, with whom it has ethnic and language affiliations. The primary goal was to ensure that the prevention of the spread of communism within the country and the Turanist movements were not sponsored.After the breakup of the Soviet Union, relationships with countries moving towards liberal market economies began to grow.Turkey, with its liberal economic order and secular and democratic republican system, has been described as a model and even a leader for the countries of the region.The discourse of ‘Turkish World from the Adriatic to the Chinese Wall’ has given rise to great hopes for Turkish cooperation based on shared ethnicity and common language.However, Turkey’s lack of financial capital and credit prospects for leadership in the region has limited its foreign policy objectives.Azerbaijan has acquired a special position among the newly independent countries for Turkey. Ethnic and linguistic links have contributed to the growth of relationships with the discourse of brotherhood.

 The 2016 Four-Day War

The Turkish Government has not hesitated to demonstrate continued support and cooperation to Azerbaijan in the course of tensions. The Turkish Government denounced and expressed solidarity with its brothers and their assaults on Azerbaijan.

Thus the Turkish position in the dispute between Nagorno-Karabakh seems to had not dramatically changed because Azerbaijan was strongly supported in the flare ups by the Turkish government. President Erdoğan said in the  2016  April 4 speech to the Turkish Red Crescent Committee that the “the fire of the massacres in Armenia continues to burn in our hearts,” adding that “Karabakh will definitely one day return to its legal owner, Azerbaijan.” The declaration is a strong statement of solidarity with Azerbaijan and is strong in its affective essence in Nagorno-Karabakh.

It is presented as a crucial moment, establishing a common emotional context and a sense of unity between these countries. The consistency of the Turkish portrayal of the conflict in the early 1990s is therefore mirrored. The word also may be considered as a ritual of solidarity, which is conducted with standardized verbalized phrases like this in favour of helping Azerbaijan. Such rituals thus evidently reinforce inter-state relations between them.

In view of the Turkish relations between Turkey and Armenia and the continuing moves toward standardization and friction with Azerbaijan, Turkey still wanted to pledge and reaffirm its support for Azerbaijan eight years after the crisis in 2008 and 2009. It was also the first true episode after the incident in which Turkish aid was investigated. Turkey said it would support Baku and the Azerbaijani until the end of time and free the occupied territories, declaring its position eight years ago.

 The 2020 War

 For decades, Turkey ‘s military has been educating Azerbaijani officers. Their armed forces held large-scale military drills in Azerbaijan in August. After Russia and Israel, Turkey is also Azerbaijan’s third-largest supplier of military equipment. According to Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, Ankara ‘s director of the German Marshall Fund, they are reported to have sold drones and rocket launchers. Turkey may have sent military drone operators to support Azerbaijan in the current combat, he said. Turkey has repeatedly said that, if needed, they will come for the assistance of Azerbaijan, but there is no proof to date that Turkey is actively involved in the conflict. Ankara asserted that without Turkish assistance, Azerbaijan had the capacity to fight.

Azerbaijani officers have been trained by Turkey ‘s military for decades. In August, Turkish  armed forces conducted major military exercises. Turkey is also the third highest provider of military supplies for Azerbaijan behind Russia and Israel. According to the head of the German Marshall Fund of Ankara, Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, drones and rocket launchers are confirmed to have been sold. Turkey may have sent military drone operators in the current war to support Azerbaijan, he added. Turkey has said consistently that Azerbaijan would be helped if requested. However, no evidence of Turkey’s direct participation in the dispute has been shown to date. Ankara said that Azerbaijan had the potential to fight without Turkish support.

The Turkish government refused to send Syrian mercenaries to support Azerbaijan in the fighting, even after an opposition war watchdog based in Britain, the Syrian Human Rights Observatory, claimed that as many as 850 Syrian soldiers had arrived in Azerbaijan. The “propaganda” claim of Armenia that an F-16 Turkish fighter fired an SU-25 plane from Armenia, Turkey even denied. At present, Turkey has a more symbolic than significant military role in the conflict.

Speaking to the Turkish Parliament on October 1, Erdogan condemned Putin’s call for an urgent cessation of fire in Azerbaijan, made in a joint statement by the Russian leaders with the USA, as “unacceptable.” French In his address, Erdogan said that the Minsk Group was not in order anymore. France, Russia and the US are co-chairs of the Stability and Coordination in Europe’s so-called Minsk Group aimed at resolving the conflict between Nagorno-Karabakh. He also connected with Russia the new reappearance of the wars, claiming that it was part of a larger crisis which started with Crimea ‘s occupation. In 2014, Russian troops annexed Crimea, a part of a dispute which is now ongoing in eastern Ukraine.


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